INFLUENCE OF MACROECONOMICAL INDICATORS ON MIGRATION PROCESS: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS
Keywords:Migration, Emigration, Macro economical indicators, Lithuania, Migration’s factors.
Around 200 million people – one person from thirty three – live not in their native country (Centre for Global Development, 2008). The purpose of this paper is to analyze how macro economical factors influence migration process.
Migration theories are analyzed in the first section of this paper. In the next part, factors making influence on migration process are described. Main factors are economical, demographical, social, political, cultural, geographical and psychological. The importance of these factors is different to every person and can change in time. Migration process in Lithuania is described in the third part of the paper. Analysis of scientific literature and migration statistics lets us to say that the main macro economical indicators for migration are labor force’s demand and supply and salaries’ differences in an international market. Received results demonstrate that even macro economical indicators showed economic growth, this factor was not enough to prevent emigration‘s increasing in Lithuania. The most important factor was salaries’ difference among Lithuania and countries of emigration. This difference varies from 3 up to 6.9 times.