MANAGEMENT OF THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL ADAPTATION OF SERVICEMEN RELEASED FROM MILITARY SERVICE
Keywords:Social Work, Social Management, Social Adaptation of Military, Social adaptation process, Social adaptation of the military leaving the system of the Bulgarian Army
This article reviews the social adaptation of the military as a social process. There is an overview of adaptation concepts adopted in science and practice. There is an attempt to classify the types of adaptation based on the nature of the interaction, the type of adaptive environments, adaptive environment structural components and based on the psychological content. Social adaptation process is presented in the following major stages: preparatory stage, stage of psychological tension before discharge; stage of acute mental reactions to entry into „civilian life“; stage of acute mental reactions to exit out of „military life” and stage of re-adaptation.
The our research is focused on a specific field of social work, such as social adaptation of the military at the end of their career and their preparation for proper realization in the public - private sector of economy (Ministery of Defence of the Republic Bulgaria, 2006) as a criterion for motivation and raising the activity of the human factor in the security and defence sector. Moreover , unlike previous researches, refracted through the prism of the military institution social policy, with this article we aim to offer to social and scientific knowledge a new look at social adaptation of the military leaving the system of the armed forces of the Bulgarian Army in compliance with the scientific rationalization of social work.