THE IMPACT OF ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ON THE ECONOMIC LEVEL OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC REGIONS
Keywords:road infrastructure, regional development, performance of regions
The main purpose of the paper is to refer to the impact of road infrastructure on the economic and social level of the regions in the Slovak Republic (SR). Theoretical basis is the level of road infrastructure in the regions of Slovak Republic disaggregated by category of roads. The economic performance of the Slovak Republic regions we measure using the gross domestic product per capita, unemployment rate and the average monthly wage. We examine the impact of road infrastructure on the economic level of regions by the scoring method.
We use the method of analysis, synthesis, comparison and scoring method in this paper. Method of analysis was employed to analyse the road network and the economic level of the regions of Slovak Republic. The method of comparison was used for comparing the road infrastructure and economic level in the regions of Slovak Republic. The method of synthesis was used to draw conclusions resulting from the analysis. The scoring method is used for the studying the impact of the road infrastructure on economic level in the regions of Slovak Republic. Data used in the analysis were obtained from national and regional statistics.
The best level of the roads is in the western part of Slovakia. Similarly the western regions have the highest economic level, especially the region of Bratislava. Using a scoring method, we found that road infrastructure most affects the economic level of the regions of Trencin, Nitra, Bratislava and Trnava. We also admit influence of other factors on economic level of regions.