SOCIO-ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Keywords:international migration, migrant, country of origin, target country, remittances
The purpose of the study is to analyse and evaluate consequences of the influence of international migration on the socio-economic spheres of social life. Based on that, it identifies problems within migration policy and sets out proposals for positive guidance of migration policy with the aim to maximize migration benefits. Furthermore, it provides proposals for the solution of migration policy from the point of view of the country of origin, country of destination and migrants themselves.
The study is based on the analyses of statistical data (Eurostat, WTO, Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic) and author´s own research dealing with migrants. Slovakia, on the one hand, represents the country of origin, and on the other hand the target country.
The results confirmed a significant impact of international migration on socio-economic spheres of social life. We identified and quantified some of the pros and cons of international migration with regards to the country of origin, target country and migrants themselves. The casual relation between the international migration and the development of labour market was the most important factor of economic consequences.
The study summarizes migrants´ motives for international migration based on motivational theories arising from historical context and the collected research data. The most important part of the contribution is the identification of consequences with the greatest influence on socio-economic spheres of social life and the management of migration policy with the aim to maximize migration benefits.