INFORMACINIŲ TECHNOLOGIJŲ TAIKYMAS STUDIJŲ PROCESE: PALYGINAMOJI ANALIZĖ
Keywords:information technologies, distance learning, students
The role of information technologies (IT) is increasingly important today. IT eliminate time and distance limitations and provide students with the possibilities of open and distance learning, allow access to information anytime and anywhere, even with mobile terminal devices. IT can be used in the learning process in several ways - starting from information delivery and ending with cognitive tools.
Creating a modern learning environment is a challenge; it is far more than placing course material on the web. In addition, changes are needed in both pedagogical methods and students’ attitudes towards learning. The role of technology varies greatly in modern learning environments. There are on-line courses or degrees that are almost completely digital. However, in most cases courses are provided partly as traditional learning, partly as online education. This “blended mode” of education integrates new technology with older, proven teaching methods.
Although there have been established distance learning networks as well as distance learning courses, the effectiveness of technology in any learning environment depends upon the degree that it supports the appropriate “pedagogical” dimensions. Another problem is that although many educationalists are experts in their subject area, they are relatively inexperienced yet in methods of online teaching and learning. Additionally, many students still lack information about the possibilities and distinctions of distance learning and not always explore every possible avenue.
The article analyses the usage of information technologies in the study process at two higher education institutions: Kaunas University of Technology (344 respondents) and Vilnius Cooperative College (188 respondents). The research was carried out in 2011. The questionnaire method has been chosen for this purpose.
The empirical research showed that respondents of both institutions mostly use IT for information search and preparation of oral and written assignments. The least popular reason of IT is for communication with professors and students. However, university students communicate about studies using IT more often than college students.Speaking about distance learning studies it was found that college respondents have less experience in distance studies than university students. This leads to different priorities: college students prefer to choose traditional studies, and university students give the priority to blended way of studies.