TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION BETWEEN SCIENTIFIC AND RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS AND COMPANIES AS A CONDITION OF THE GROWTH OF INNOVATIVENESS AND COMPETITIVENESS OF POLISH ECONOMY

Irena Lacka

Abstract


The current position of Poland in rankings of economy innovativeness and competitiveness is not satisfactory. Insignificant innovativeness of Polish companies enforces an increase in connections between scientific institutions and enterprises in the scope of technology transfer.

The purpose of the paper is to present the importance and benefits of technological cooperation between scientific and research institutions and enterprises in Poland for the innovativeness and competition of both enterprises and the economy. The basis to draw up this article were the results of the authoress own research over the technological cooperation between scientists and entrepreneurs in Poland between 2004 and 2011.

For the needs of the article there were applied the methods of analysis of innovativeness and competitiveness survey ratios, publications of the Central Statistical Office, rankings of innovativeness of the European Union States and rankings of economic competitiveness. This allowed to set out the level of innovativeness of Polish enterprises and the status of their links with the sector of scholarship and research. This has an impact on the competitiveness of Polish economy. The results of the authoress’ research indicate a necessity to intensify the technological cooperation between the scholarly sector and the industry. Presented examples of technological cooperation between scientists and entrepreneurs confirm that the technological partnership must become a development strategy of Polish entrepreneurs in view of changes in the world economy. The case study revealed its impact on the innovativeness and competitiveness of enterprises in Poland.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.em.18.2.4467


Keywords


innovativeness; competitiveness; technological cooperation; R&D sector; industry

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